Ankle Sprain

Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains are the most common injuries to the ligaments of the ankle.

The injury may occur in 3 degrees of severity. A first-degree injury is the most common and usually requires 2 weeks recovery. A second-degree injury involves progressive tearing of ligaments and involves 3-6 weeks of healing. A third-degree injury involves complete rupture of ligaments and may require surgery to allow recovery over a period of several months.

Anyone is at risk for an ankle sprain, although participating in sports increases the risk.

How do you get it?

The most common cause of an ankle sprain is the result of a twisting movement. Participation in sports and careless steps from curbs/ stairs may cause ankle sprains. Without proper rehabilitation, patients may experience chronic sprains and instability.

How is it treated?

Relative rest, ice, compression and elevation are always the first thing to do at home. Bioflex low intensity laser therapy helps accelerate the healing process and joint mobilization is also beneficial to regain flexibility and quicken recovery. Begin weight-bearing activities as tolerated, as soon as pain allows. Progressive home-based exercises should begin immediately. A supervised chiropractic program often speeds up the recovery process.

What are the precautions?

Swelling, pain or difficulty walking lasting beyond 3-5 days, loss of sensation, or broken skin barrier requires medical attention. If exercise increases swelling or pain, stop and consult your chiropractor.

How is it prevented?

A regular exercise program focusing on lower extremity strengthening is often beneficial. Strength and balance training of ankle and calf musculature is the foundation for prevention of future ankle injuries.

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